Present Indefinite Tense in Urdu PDF

In Urdu, the present indefinite tense is used to describe actions or events that are happening or are true in the present. It is often used to express habits, general truths, or things that are happening now.

To form the present indefinite tense in Urdu, the verb “hona” (meaning “to be”) is used in its present form, followed by the main verb in its base form. For example:

  • “Main school jaata hoon.” (I go to school.)
  • “Wo aksar bazaar jaata hai.” (He often goes to the market.)
  • “Hamare ghar mein bachay rehtay hain.” (There are children in our house.)

It’s important to note that the verb “hona” is not used in all present indefinite tense sentences in Urdu. In some cases, the main verb may be used alone to convey the present tense. For example:

  • “Main khel raha hoon.” (I am playing.)
  • “Wo khana pak rahi hai.” (She is cooking food.)

Rules of Present Indefinite tense in urdu

Here are some general rules for using the present indefinite tense in Urdu:

  1. To form the present indefinite tense in Urdu, the verb “hona” (meaning “to be”) is used in its present form, followed by the main verb in its base form. For example: “Main school jaata hoon.” (I go to school.)
  2. The verb “hona” is not used in all present indefinite tense sentences in Urdu. In some cases, the main verb may be used alone to convey the present tense. For example: “Main khel raha hoon.” (I am playing.)
  3. The present indefinite tense is used to describe actions or events that are happening or are true in the present. It is often used to express habits, general truths, or things that are happening now.
  4. The present indefinite tense is conjugated according to the subject of the sentence. For example:
  • For first person singular (I), the verb is used in its base form: “Main jaanta hoon.” (I know.)
  • For second person singular (you), the verb is used in its base form: “Tum jaanto ho.” (You know.)
  • For third person singular (he/she/it), the verb is used in its base form: “Wo jaanta hai.” (He/she/it knows.)
  • For first person plural (we), the verb is used in its base form: “Ham jaante hain.” (We know.)
  • For second person plural (you), the verb is used in its base form: “Tum jaante ho.” (You know.)
  • For third person plural (they), the verb is used in its base form: “Wo jaante hain.” (They know.)

Use of s/es in Present Indefinite Tense in Urdu

In English, the present indefinite tense is formed by using the base form of the verb. For most verbs, this is the same as the infinitive form of the verb. For example: “I go to school.” (In Urdu: “Main school jaata hoon.”)

In English, the present indefinite tense is also sometimes referred to as the “simple present tense.” It is used to describe actions or events that are happening regularly, habitually, or currently.

The use of the ending “-s” or “-es” in English is determined by the subject of the sentence and the verb being used. For example:

  • For third person singular (he/she/it) subjects, the verb is typically followed by “-s” or “-es”: “He goes to school.” (In Urdu: “Wo school jaata hai.”)
  • For all other subjects, the verb is typically used in its base form: “I go to school.” (In Urdu: “Main school jaata hoon.”)

There are some exceptions to these rules, such as when the verb ends in “-s,” “-sh,” “-ch,” “-x,” or “-z.” In these cases, the ending “-es” is used instead of “-s” to form the present indefinite tense. For example: “He washes his hands.” (In Urdu: “Wo apne haath dhota hai.”)

Use of Do/Does in Present Indefinite tense in urdu

In English, the auxiliary verbs “do” and “does” are used to form negative and interrogative sentences in the present indefinite tense. These auxiliary verbs are used in combination with the base form of the main verb to create the negative or interrogative form of the present indefinite tense.

For example:

  • Negative form: “I do not go to school.” (In Urdu: “Main school nahi jaata.”)
  • Interrogative form: “Do you go to school?” (In Urdu: “Kya tum school jaate ho?”)

In Urdu, the equivalent of “do” and “does” is the verb “hona” (meaning “to be”), which is used in its present form to create negative and interrogative sentences in the present indefinite tense.

For example:

  • Negative form: “Main school nahi jaata.” (I do not go to school.)
  • Interrogative form: “Kya tum school jaate ho?” (Do you go to school?)

It’s important to note that the verb “hona” is not used in all present indefinite tense sentences in Urdu. In some cases, the main verb may be used alone to convey the present tense. In these cases, the negative or interrogative form is created using the appropriate negative or interrogative particle, such as “nahi” (not) or “kya” (what).

For example:

  • Negative form: “Main khel nahi raha.” (I am not playing.)
  • Interrogative form: “Kya tum khel rahe ho?” (Are you playing?)

I hope this helps! Let me know if you have any further questions about the present indefinite tense in Urdu.

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